Given staffing shortages, high turnover and heavy workloads, it’s not surprising that certain steps in nursing home cleaning and disinfection procedures can get missed. But while following a consistent protocol may cost more time and resources, it’s of vital importance to infection prevention and preserving the well-being of your residents, staff and guests.
Take control during COVID-19 with four steps to efficiently clean and disinfect surfaces, and protect against the threat of harmful germs, bacteria and viruses.
Step 1: Cleaning Surfaces
Clean all vertical and horizontal surfaces to remove soil, dirt and dust. Getting rid of dirt is an essential component of a robust infection prevention program, as dirt is rich in nutrients that feed bacteria and other pathogens.
Additionally, it’s important to remove visible dirt prior to disinfection, as it can affect the efficacy of the disinfectant being used. Microfiber dusters, cloths and flat mops are great at picking up not only dirt but also unwanted pathogens to enhance cleaning.
- When cleaning horizontal surfaces, operate in either a left-to-right or a right-to-left motion. Make sure you’re consistent in your direction so you’re not spreading dirt and pathogens over surfaces you just cleaned.
- For vertical surfaces, start at the top of the room and move down.
- Lastly, clean the floor with a damp microfiber flat mop. Dust and dirt that aren’t collected by the microfiber products in the first wipe will fall down to the floor and should be picked up with the flat mop.
Step 2: Disinfecting Surfaces
Disinfect all hard, nonporous surfaces with a safe disinfectant that is EPA registered, like those recommended for use against COVID-19. This includes all high-touch surfaces, such as:
- Light switches
- Faucet fixtures
- Toilet flushers
- Nurse call cords
Be sure to read each chemical manufacturer’s label for guidance on pathogens it’s able to kill as well as the amount of time the surface must remain wet (known as dwell time or contact time) in order to achieve that kill. If the disinfectant doesn’t remain wet on the surface for that full time, there will not be a 100% kill.
Two-in-one cleaners and disinfectants can prove to be effective cleaning solutions and great time savers if applied properly. Once again, before you disinfect surfaces, it’s important that you read the manufacturer’s labels for the proper procedure and to avoid any harmful effects of cleaning products.
Step 3: Rinsing Surfaces
Rinsing after cleaning may be needed because some disinfectants can be damaging to the surface, harmful to humans if ingested or leave behind a residue.
To avoid damage to surfaces, make sure the disinfectant is safe for application on the particular surface you’re trying to disinfect. This information can typically be found on the chemical manufacturer’s label.
Some disinfectant products are ineffective against certain pathogens like C. diff, which may require you to choose a more powerful and possibly more caustic chemical. In those cases, you’ll want to be sure that you limit the disinfectant’s use to just those surface areas of concern and follow up with a clean-water rinse as soon as the dwell time has been met.
When disinfecting in food environments, such as kitchens and dining rooms, it’s critical that a clean-water rinse is performed to prevent people from ingesting the chemicals.
Some surface disinfectants can leave behind a residue. While not all chemical residue left behind is harmful to surfaces or humans, it is often unsightly. A simple rinse with a wet cloth can take care of the issue and keep your community looking neat and tidy.
Step 4: Enhanced Disinfecting
Electrostatic sprayers have the ability to efficiently and effectively coat virtually all surfaces, including hard-to-reach areas that are often overlooked or missed during the regular cleaning, sanitizing and disinfecting steps. They are an invaluable ally in the fight against germs and bacteria.
These sprayers offer an enhanced level of disinfection by using electrically charged water/chemical molecules to fully coat a surface. The sprayer provides the liquid with a positive charge so it is naturally attracted to the negatively charged surfaces that exist in nature. This ultimately leads to a fuller and more even coating.
Direct Supply carries thousands of top cleaning products and supplies from well-known brands at various price points to complement any Senior Living cleaning, disinfecting and infection prevention program.
Shop COVID-19 infection control and sanitization products on our dedicated COVID-19 resources page.
You can also find more ideas and tips on infection prevention and control in Senior Living.